When we study ancient societies, it can sometimes be difficult to tell who fulfilled which of the various day-to-day roles.
An intriguing new discovery in Peru shows ritually sacrificed guinea pigs were decorated with colorful earrings and necklaces by 16th-century Incas--a finding that comes as a complete surprise to archaeologists.
Scientists are reporting the discovery of a previously unknown species of ancient human that lived in the Philippines over 50,000 years ago. Evidence suggests the new species, named Homo luzonensis, was exceptionally tiny--and possibly even smaller than the famous Hobbit species uncovered on the island of Flores in...
During the Cold War, the United States flew U2 spy planes over Europe, the Middle East, and central eastern Asia in search of potential military targets. These missions inadvertently gathered historical information, which archaeologists are now using for scientific purposes.
Archaeologists working in the Swiss town of Saint-Ursanne have discovered a remarkably well-preserved leather bootie dating back to the Middle Ages.
Neanderthals are famous for having lived through the last major ice age, yet for a period of around 14,000 years they had to endure the effects of a naturally occurring global warming cycle. Struggling to adapt to the changing conditions, the Neanderthals turned to cannibalism in desperation, according to a...
Scientists have confirmed that a gunmetal disk uncovered off the coast of Oman is the oldest known mariner's astrolabe, according to a new study.